Nearly 40 years of inappropriate treatment of a prominent River Red Gum at the junction of two highways in Salisbury, South Australia had resulted in a steady decline of an important specimen to the locality. Tree Environs devised a rescue plan for Transport SA, involving pruning, removal of fill comprising four!, yes 4 layers of bitumen and compacted crushed rock fill from around the tree within the two traffic islands down to almost 1m depth. Numerous major services conduits ran through the site requiring detailed investigation and careful excavations. Management of heavy traffic through the site was planned to avoid major disruption. A light textured backfill, mulch and irrigation completed the task. Two years later we can happily report the trees condition has improved substantially.